Learning about Hungarian wine can be daunting and the language just adds to the confusion. However, knowing some of the basic terms can effectively help you understand things a bit further.
Here’s a glossary of the most commonly used Hungarian wine terms.
Aszú: Botrytis-shriveled grapes and the sweet wine made from them in Tokaj.
Badacsony: Wine district on the north shore of Lake Balaton.
Bock, József: Leading winemaker in Villány.
Bormarketing Kht: Hungarian Wine Marketing Association, which is aimed at improving the reputation of Hungarian wine abroad.
Bortrezor: A professionally maintained wine cellar.
Disznóko: Historic wine estate in Tokaj.
Eger: A historical town that is located in Northern Hungary at the foot of the Bukk Mountains.
Egri Bikavér: Literally “bull’s blood“, a red blend mainly based on Kékfrankos.
Essencia: Made only from the juice that runs free from the botrytised grapes and is one of the rarest wines in the world.
Etyek-Buda: Wine region near Budapest that is known for producing sparkling wines.
Furmint: The most widely grown varietal in Hungary that can be used to produce dry or sweet wines.
Gere, Attila: Highly esteemed winemaker in Villány.
Gönc: A barrel used for making Tokaji wine.
Haraszthy, Agoston: A Hungarian-American winemaker who played an important part in California’s viticultural history.
Juhfark: A white grape variety meaning “sheep’s tail” on account of the longish, cylindrical shape of its bunches.
Kadarka: A dark-skinned variety of grape used for red wine but has long been in decline since being replaced by Kékfrankos and Portugieser.
Kékfrankos: A red grape that produces wines with rich tannins.
Kéknyelü: A rare white grape whose name translates to “blue-stalked.”
Olaszrizling: Hungarian name for Italian Riesling or Welschriesling.
Pezsgo: Sparkling wine
Puttonyos: The measure of sweetness from one to six in Tokaji Aszú.
Somló: Hungary’s smallest wine region which produces both red and white wines.
Szamorodni: Hungarian label term meaning “as it comes,” which nothing is added to the wine.
Szekszárd: One of Hungary’s oldest wine-growing areas known for producing quality red wines.
Szepsy, Istvan: Renowned winemaker and key figure in the Tokaji renaissance.
Szolofajták: Wine grape varietals
Takler, Ferenc: Award-winning winemaker in the Szekszárd region.
Teleki, Zsigmond: A Hungarian who became world-famous for finding disease resistant grape varieties during the phylloxera epidemic that swept through Europe in the 19th century.
Tokaji Aszú: A famous wine revered for centuries for it’s potent complexity and sweetness.
Tokaj-Hegyalja: Hungary’s most famous wine region that is home to a variety of sweet wines and the oldest wine classification system in the world.
Törley: Leading sparkling wine producer founded by József Törley in 1882.
Villány: A historical settlement known for producing some of the best red wines in Hungary.
About the Author (Author Profile)
Suzanne Urpecz, creator and editor of The Hungarian Girl. Click on my About page for more info.